Yoga is an ancient Indian practice of postures and breathing control that are used to improve the well-being of the body and calm the mind. It was introduced by the Hindu Gurus in the early centuries to help prepare the followers for the higher practices of yoga. As such, those who choose to learn yoga can expect to be able to develop their spiritual and physical abilities.
The five major limbs of yoga are yama (restraint), niyama (concentration), moksha (meditation), and media (posture). The niyama is part of the meditation aspect of yoga, while the yama is focused on concentration and maintaining the body in its natural balance state. The yoga terms moksha and media refer to specific postures, which are part of yoga’s asana series. These terms are essential to understand when you learn about the various yoga positions known as yoga positions.
One of the most popular types of yoga is Vinyasa or flow yoga, which is widely practiced in the United States. The vinyasa asana means “as a stream flows gently.” This asana leads the practitioner to breathe deeply and repeatedly through the nose while moving gradually from one pose to the next. Most practitioners of yoga believe that this type of asana helps to promote internal cleansing, and to eliminate feelings of self-consciousness and anxiety.
The second major type of yoga is called dharana or seated yoga. Like vinyasa, dharana asana leads the practitioner to breathe deeply and repeatedly while moving gently in a way that is similar to the flow or rhythm of a river. This yoga posture is usually performed in a comfortable chair or with a straight back and may also involve sitting with your legs crossed. A common posture for dharana asana is the sitting position with feet touching the floor.
Some teachers advocate that there are two schools of yoga, or styles, namely, sadhana and patanjali. Sadhana yoga includes a more spiritual view of yoga and is usually called “yoga for beginners” and “yoga for people seeking enlightenment.” Patanjali’s yoga, which he wrote in the third century B.C., was focused on the body, being an exercise that encourages flexibility, strength and stamina.
As you can see from the yoga history, yoga can be practiced by people of any age, although it is recommended that those who wish to practice yoga are at least 16 years old. Yoga teachers often incorporate yoga into their classes for students who have a desire to develop their skills in basic body mechanics, as well as an appreciation of the spiritual nature of the practice. Although yoga has been used to address physiological issues like obesity, hypertension and diabetes, it is believed that it may have additional beneficial effects. These include reducing stress, enhancing immune function and improving mental health.
The science behind yoga is the interaction between the physical, mental and emotional aspects of human beings. When these three areas are balanced, it is believed that we will achieve tranquility and psychological well-being. Yoga teachers can introduce their students to the various yoga postures or asanas (asanas are very simply movements). Depending on the teacher, they will use different asanas depending on the level of training of the student. For example, while most summerbell 35 teachers focus on building internal cleansing practices, other teachers focus on achieving samadhi (enlightenment) through the mind control practices that accompany the asanas.
There is much wisdom in the classical texts about how to attain inner peace, whether through the control of the mind (asana, pranayama, maps, dharana and samadhi) or by purifying the body (pratyahara). One might suppose that yoga would be all about building internal cleansing practices, but the truth is that yoga has much more to do with achieving a state of enlightenment or salvation beyond this life. The practices of yoga are not exclusive to the spiritual. Anyone can learn and benefit from yoga whether they choose to call themselves a yogi (yogi is derived from the yogi, meaning a yogi conscious of truth) or not.